Inculturation

Mission and (African) Cultures

Allen, L., 2003, ‘Commerce, politics, musical hybridity: Vocalising urban black South African identity during the 1950s’, Ethnomusicology 47(2), 228-249. https://doi.org/10.2307/3113919

Anon, 1875, Het boek der Psalmen, nevens de gezangen bij de Hervormde Kerk van Nederland in gebruik: door last van de Hoog Mogende Heeren Staaten Generaal der Vereenigde Nederlanden, Uit drie berijmingen in den jaare 1773 , De Nederlandsche Bijbel-compagnie, J. Brandt en zoon, Amsterdam.

Bohlman, P.V., 2002, World Music. A very-short introduction , OUP, Oxford.

Bohlman, P.V., 2016, ‘Sound, soteriology, return and revival’, in S.A. Reily & J. Dueck (eds.), The Oxford handbook of music and world Christianities , pp. 675-693, Oxford University Press, New York, NY.

Byerly, I.B., 1998, ‘Mirror, mediator, and prophet: The music indaba of late apartheid South Africa’, Ethnomusicology 42(1), 1-44. https://doi.org/10.2307/852825

Chupungco, A.J., 2000, ‘The theological principle of adaptation’, in D.W. Vogel, Primary sources of liturgical theology. A reader , pp. 247-252, Liturgical Press, Collegeville, MN.

Coplan, D. & Jules-Rosette, B., 2008, ‘”Nkosi Sikelel iAfrika”: Stories of an African Anthem’, in G Baines, I. Byerly, C. Cockburn & D. Coplan (eds.), Composing apartheid. Music for and against apartheid , pp. 185-208, New York University Press, New York, NY.

Ferguson, T.W. & Tamburello, J.A., 2015, ‘The natural environment as a spiritual resource: A theory of regional variation in religious adherence’, Sociology of Religion 76(3), 295-314, https://doi.org/10.1093/socrel/srv029

Follo, F., 2010, Inculturation and interculturality in John Paul II and Benedict XVI , viewed 24 December 2018, from https://web.archive.org/web/20120130084726/http://www.oasiscenter.eu/ar/node/5610.

Francis, M.R., 2014, ‘The future of liturgical inculturation and the contribution of Anscar J. Chupungco, OSB’, Liturgy 29(3), 3-10. https://doi.org/10.1080/0458063X.2014.894824, viewed 15 April 2014, from https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/0458063X.2014.894824?needAccess=true.

Het boek der Psalmen, nevens de gezangen bij de Hervormde Kerk van Nederland in gebruik; door last van de Hoog Mogende Heeren Staaten Generaal der Vereenigde Nederlanden. Uit drie berijmingen in den jaare 1773. Hendrik van der Putte: Amsterdam 1788. / De Nederlandsche Bijbel-compagnie, J. Brandt en zoon: Amsterdam 1875.

Jorritsma, M., 2011, Sonic Spaces of the Karoo. The sacred music of a South African coloured community , Temple University Press, Philadelphia, PA.

Jorritsma, M., 2016, ‘Hidden histories of religious music in a South African coloured community’, in S.A. Reily & J. Dueck (eds.), The Oxford handbook of music and world Christianities , pp. 228-247, Oxford University Press, New York, NY.

Kaganof, A., 2018, Nege fragmente uit ses Khoi’nPsalms , viewed 08 December 2019, from https://vimeo.com/260032997.

Kloppers, E., 2016, ‘My home is your home_’ Hymns travelling the world’, in T. Innanen & V.-M. Salminen (eds.), Hymn – Song – Society – International hymnological studies , pp. 82-114, Church Research Institute (CRI), Tampere.

Kloppers, E., 2017, ‘Where all are welcome _ Leading worship rich in diversity’, in J. Barentsen, S.C. Van Den Heuvel & V. Kessler (eds.), Increasing diversity – Loss of control or adaptive identity construction? , pp. 177-192, Peeters, Leuven.

Lauster, J., 2014, Die Verzauberung der Welt – eine Kulturgeschichte des Christentums , C.H. Beck, München.

Lutheran World Federation (LWF), 1996, Nairobi statement on worship and culture, 1.3 , Lutheran World Federation, Geneva.

Maluleke, T., 2016, ‘Zuma and co treading on the dreams of the poor’, Sunday Independent , viewed 21 October 2018, from https://www.iol.co.za/sundayindependent/zuma-and-co-treading-on-the-dreams-of-the-poor-2087218.

Maluleke, T., 2018, ‘South Africa: The deep roots of Ramaphosa’s “Thuma Mina”‘, allAfrica.com , viewed 21 February 2018, from https://allafrica.com/stories/201802210001.html.

Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk en Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk van Afrika, 2001, Liedboek van die kerk , N.G. Kerk-Uitgewers, Wellington.

Pauw Projects, n.d., On: African Open Institute , viewed 08 December 2019, from https://aoinstitute.ac.za/pauw-projects/.

Psalms en Gesange (APG), 1944, Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk en Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk van Afrika , Suid-Afrikaanse Bybelvereniging, Kaapstad.

Saliers, D., 2015, ‘Theological foundations of liturgical reform’, Liturgy 30(4), 20-27.

South African Freedom Songs CD 1, 2000, Mayibuye Centre University of the Western Cape, Cape Town.

South African Freedom Songs CD 2, 2000, Mayibuye Centre University of the Western Cape, Cape Town.

Stuflesser, M. & Weyler, T., 2018, Liturgische Normen: Begründungen, Anfragen, Perspektiven (Theologie der Liturgie) , Friedrich Pustet, Würzburg.

Tönsing, J.G., 2017, ‘Limnandi Evangeli and Hlangani Bafundi : An exploration of the interrelationships between Christian choruses and South African songs of the struggle’, HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 73(4), a4339. https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v73i4.4339

Kloppers, Elsabé. “Performing the sacred – Aspects of singing and contextualisation in South Africa.” HTS Teologiese Studies, vol. 76, no. 2, 2020.

Pope John Paul II, Ecclesia in Africa no. 59, http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/john_paul_ii/apost_exhortations/ documents/hf_jp-ii-exh-14091995-ecclesia-inafrica_en.html (accessed December 21, 2007).

(Laurenti Magesa, African Religion: The Moral Traditions of Abundant Life (Maryknoll, N.Y.: 1997) 5.

William R. O’Neill has provided an ample bibliography of the work of African theologians in these areas; see his “African Moral Theology,” Theological Studies’ 62 (2001) 122-39, esp. 124-25 n. 11.

John Paul II, “Redemptoris Missio: Encyclical Letter of the Supreme Pontiff John Paul II on the Permanent Validity of the Church’s Missionary Mandate” no. 33.2, in The Encyclicals of John Paul II, ed. and intro. J. Michael Miller (Huntington, Ind.: Our Sunday Visitor, 1996).

Laurenti Magesa, Anatomy of Inculturation: Transforming the Church in Africa (Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis, 2004) 5-6

Aylward Shorter, Toward A Theology of Inculturation (Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis, 1988)

Peter Schineller, A Handbook on Inculturation (New York: Paulist, 1990)

Pedro Arrupe, “Letter to the Whole Society on Inculturation,” in Other Apostolates Today, Selected Letters and Addresses 3, ed. Jerome Aixala (St. Louis: Institute of Jesuit Sources, 1981).

Decrees of the Ecumenical Councils, vol. 2, Trent to Vatican II, ed. Norman P. Tanner [Washington: Georgetown University, 1990]

T. Frank Kennedy. ed., Inculturation and the Church in North America (New York: Crossroad, 2006).

Juvenal Ilunga Muya, “Benezet Bujo: The Awakening of a Systematic and Authentically African Thought,” in African Theology in the 21st Century, vol. 1, The Contribution of the Pioneers, ed. Benezet Bujo and Juvenal Ilunga Muya (Nairobi: Paulines Africa, 2003).

Benezet Bujo, The Ethical Dimension of Community: The African Model and the Dialogue between North and South (Nairobi: Paulines Africa, 1998)

Benezet Bujo. Foundations of an African Ethic: Beyond the Universal Claims of Western Morality (New York: Crossroad, 2001)

Beneezet Bujo. “Differentiations in African Ethics,” in The Blackwell Companion to Religious Ethics, ed. William Schweiker (Malden, Mass.: Blackwell, 2005) 423-37.

Benezet Bujo, Le diaire d’un theologien Africain, Spiritualite du Tiers-monde 1 (Kinshasa: Editions de l’Eglise d’en bas, 1987)

Vincent MacNamara, Faith and Ethics: Recent Roman Catholicism (Washington: Georgetown University, 1985).

Gerard Gilleman, The Primacy of Charity in Moral Theology, trans. William P. Ryan, S.J., and Andre Vahon, S.J. (Westminster, Md.: Newman, 1959).

Paulinus I. Odozor, Moral Theology in An Age of Renewal.” A Study of the Catholic Tradition since Vatican II (Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame, 2003) 101-33.

Benezet Bujo, African Christian Morality at the Age of Inculturation (1990; Nairobi: Paulines Africa, 1998).

Laurenti Magesa, African Religion: The Moral Traditions of Abundant Life (Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis, 1997)

Emefie Ikenga-Metuh, Comparative Studies of African Traditional Religions (Onitsha: IMCO, 1987) 5-10.

Paulinus I. Odozor, “Classical Catholic Moral Theology and the World Church: Some Suggestions on How to Move Forward,” Louvain Studies 30 (2005) 282-90.

Richard A. McCormick, How Brave a New World: Dilemmas in Bioethics (Washington: Georgetown University, 1981)

Lisa Sowle Cahill, “On Richard McCormick: Reason and Faith in Post-Vatican II Catholic Ethics,” Second Opinion 9 (November 1988) 108-30, at 109.

Martin E. Marty, foreword to Richard A. McCormick, Health and Medicine in the Catholic Tradition: Tradition in Transition (New York: Crossroad, 1984).

McCormick, Critical Calling: Reflections on Moral Dilemmas since Vatican II (Washington: Georgetown University, 1989).

Richard A. McCormick, “Theology and Bioethics: Christian Foundations,” in Theology and Bioethics: Exploring The Foundations and Frontiers, ed. Earl E. Shelp (Boston: Reidel, 1985).

Paulinus Ikechukwu Odozor, Richard A. McCormick and the Renewal of Theology (Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame, 1995).

David Tuesday Adamo, “The Use of Psalms in African Indigenous Churches in Nigeria,” in The Bible in Africa: Transactions, Trajectories, and Trends, ed. Gerald O. West and Musa W. Dube (Boston: Brill, 2001) 336-49.

Musa W. Dube, “Readings of Semoya: Botswana Women’s Interpretations of Matt 15:21-28,” Semeia 73 (1966) 111-29.

Benezet Bujo, The Ethical Dimensions of Community: The African Model and the Dialogue between North and South (Nairobi: Paulines Africa, 1998).

Richard A. McCormick, “Fetal Research, Morality, and Public Policy,” Hastings Center Report 5.3 (1975) 26-31, at 30.

Walter J. Burghardt, “The Role of the Scholar in the Catholic Church,” in Moral Theology: Challenges for the Future: Essays in Honor of Richard A. McCormick. ed. Charles E. Curran (New York: Paulist, 1990) 27.

Richard A. McCormick, “Genetic Technology and our Common Future” America 152.6 (April 27, 1985).

Martin Rhonheimer, Natural Law and Practical Reason: A Thomistic View of Moral Autonomy, trans. Gerald Malsbray (New York: Fordham University, 2000).

Joseph Boyle, “Natural Law,” in The New Dictionary of Theology, ed. Joseph A. Komonchak, Mary Collins, and Dermot A. Lane (Collegeville, Minn.: Liturgical, 1987).

Chinweizu, The West and the Rest of Us: White Predators, Black Slavers, and the African Elite (New York: Random House, 1975)

Odozor, Paulinus Ikechukwu. “An African moral theology of inculturation: methodological considerations.” Theological Studies, vol. 69, no. 3, 2008, p. 583+.

Amadi, A.I., 2002, ‘Inculturation in African churches with particular reference to Zimbabwe’, Unpublished MTH thesis, University of South Africa.

Andifasi, J., 1970, ‘An analysis of Roora’, in C. Kileff & P. Kileff (eds.), Shona Customs: Essays by African Writers, pp. 28-32, Mambo Press, Gweru.

Anthony, K., 2012, ‘Inculturation and the Christian faith in Africa’, International Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences 2(17), 236-244.

Banda, Z., 2010, ‘African renaissance and missiology: A perspective from mission praxis’, Unpublished DTh. thesis, Unisa.

Baron, E., Mangayi, L. & Nel, R.W., 2017, The dynamics of mission, Only study guide of Module MIN1501, discipline of missiology, Unisa, Pretoria.

Bozongwana, W. Rev 2000, Ndebele Religion and Customs, Mambo Press, Gweru.

Chabata, N.R., 2014, National Baptist convention history, Unpublished.

Cohen, L. & Manion, L, 1994, Research Methods in Education, 4th edn., Routledge, London.

Creswell, J.W., 2010, Qualitative research design: Choosing among five approaches, Sage, London.

Creswell, J.W. & Plano Clark, V.L., 2011, Designing and conducting mixed methods research, 2nd edn., University of Nebraska, Sage, London.

Dube, M., 2013, ‘Kalanga do away with the marriage practice’, The Standard, 28 July.

Dube, M., 2014, ‘Debunking the myths of Kalanga culture’, Chronicle, 09 July.

Gombe, J.M., 2000, Tsika dzaVaShona. Rakavandudzwa, 2nd edn., College Press, Harare.

Gundani, P., 2000, ‘Christology in the inculturated Shona burial in the Roman Catholic Church in Zimbabwe’, in K. Fiedler, P. Gundani & H. Mijonga (eds.), Theology cooked in the African pot, pp. 81-92, ATISTICA, Zomba.

Hatendi R.P. Rev, 1973, ‘Shona Marriages and the Christian Churches’ in A.J. Dachs (ed.), Christianity South of the Zambezi, Mambo Press, Gweru.

Johnson, B.R. & Christensen, L.B., 2008, Educational research: Quantitative, qualitative and mixed approaches, 3rd edn., Sage, London.

Johnson, B.R. & Christensen, L.B., 2010, Educational research: Quantitative, qualitative and mixed approaches, Sage, Los Angeles, CA.

Kobo, F., 2016, ‘Umfazi akangeni ebuhlati emuzini – A womanist dialogue with black theology of liberation in the 21st century’, HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 72(1), a3268. https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.V72iI.36

Kritzinger, J.N.J., 2010, Integrated theological praxis: Capstone module the only study guide for BTH3720, Unisa, Pretoria.

Kurgat, S.G., 2009, ‘The theology of inculturation and the African Church’, International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology 1(5), 089-098.

Landman, C., 2000, ‘Women using culture against women’, in J. Marlherbe et al. (eds.), Women, society and constraints – A collection of contemporary South African gender studies, pp. 177-189, Unisa, Pretoria.

Leedy, P.D.J., 1993, Practical research, planning and design, Macmillan, London.

Leedy, P.D.J. & Omrod, J.E., 2010, Practical research: Planning and design, Pearson Educational International, Boston, MA.

Magesa, L., 2004, Anatomy of inculturation: Transforming the church in Africa, Orbis, Maryknoll, NY.

Makaza, T.C., 2013, ‘The history of the NBC of Zimbabwe’, A term paper presented, Theological College of Zimbabwe, Bulawayo, Unpublished.

Mangena, T. & Ndlovu, S., 2013, ‘Implications and complications of bride price payment on the Shona and Ndebele of Zimbabwe’, International Journal of Asian Science 3(2), 472-481.

Manyoba, C.B., 1991, ‘Methodist Church and its response to culture’, in C.S. Banana (ed.), A century of methodism in Zimbabwe 1891-1991, The Methodist Church in Zimbabwe, Harare.

Mawere, M. & Mawere, A.M., 2010, ‘The changing philosophy of African marriage. The relevance of the Shona customary practice of kukumbira’, Journal of African Studies and Development 2(9), 224-233.

McGrath, A.E., 1999, Science and Religion: An Introduction.

Mertens, D., 2005, Research and Evaluation in Education and Psychology: Interpreting Diversity with Quantitative, Qualitative and Mixed Methods, 2nd end., Boston, Sage.

Moorhead, G. & Griffin, R.W., 1995, Organizational behavior: Managing people and organisations, 4th edn., Houghton Mifflin, Boston, MA.

MTHMS15, 2010, Structured MTh. Programme tutorial letter 101/2010. Discipline of missiology, Unisa, Pretoria.

Mwandayi, C., 2011, Death and after life rituals in eyes of the Shona: Dialogue with the Shona customs in the quest for authentic inculturation, vol. 6. of Bible in Africa studies, University of Bamberg Press.

Niebuhr, R.H., 2001, Christ and culture, Expanded edn., 15th edn., Harper One, Harper Collins Publishers.

Nyathi, P., 2001, Traditional ceremonies of the AmaNdebele, Mambo, Gweru.

Okonkwo, E., 2010, Concrete steps towards the inculturation of Christian sacramental and Igbo traditional marriage, European University Studies, p. 762.

Phellas, C.N., Bloch, A. & Seale, C., 2011, Structured methods: Interviews, questionnaire and observations, viewed 15 June 2014, from http://www.sageBCom/upm-data/47370-seal.

Political Map of Zimbabwe showing regions, viewed 30 April 2016, from http://www.google.com/search.

Shoko, T., 2009, ‘Komba girls initiation rites and inculturation among the Varemba of Zimbabwe’, Studia Historiae Ecclesiasicae 35(1), 31-35.

Soosamariam, S., 2006, ‘Attempts at inculturation in the Malaysian church’, E.A.P.R. East Asian Pastoral Review 43(4).

Sunday News Online, 2016, ‘The curse of November marriages’, The Sunday News, viewed 27 November 2016, from http://www.sundaynews.co.zw/the-curse-of-november-marriages.

Thorpe, S.A., 1996, African traditional religions: An introduction, University of South Africa, Pretoria.

Shumba, Sibiziwe, and Christina Landman. “Towards the inculturation of marriage rituals in the National Baptist Convention of Zimbabwe.” HTS Teologiese Studies, vol. 75, no. 1, 2019

Starkloff, Carl F. “Inculturation and cultural systems.” Theological Studies, vol. 55, no. 2, 1994, p. 274+.

Adogame, A., 2013, The African Christian diaspora: New currents and emerging trends in world Christianity, Bloomsbury, London.

Anderson, A., 2013, ‘Foreword–Alan Anderson’, in J.K. Asamoah-Gyadu, Contemporary Pentecostal Christianity: Interpretations from an African context, pp. xi-xvi, Regnum, Oxford.

Arbuckle, G.A., 1984, ‘Inculturation and evangelisation: Realism or romanticism’, in V.S. Sutlive & D. Whitemen (eds.), Missionaries, anthropologists and cultural change, pp. 171-214, College of William & Mary, Williamsburg, VA. (Studies in Third World societies, 25).

Asamoah-Gyadu, J.K., 2013, Contemporary Pentecostal Christianity: Interpretations from an African context, Regnum, Oxford.

Bediako, K., [1992] 1999, Theology and identity: The impact of culture upon Christian thought in the second century and in modern Africa, Regnum, Oxford.

Bolt, C., 2013, Reluctant or radical revolutionaries?: Evangelical missionaries and Afro-Jamaican character, 1834-1870, Regnum, Oxford.

Bosch D.J., 1991, Transforming mission: Paradigm shifts in the theology of mission, Orbis, New York, NY.

Botha, N., 2010a, ‘If everything is contextualisation then nothing is contextualisation: Historical, methodological and epistemological perspectives’, Missionalia 38(2), 181-196.

Botha, N., 2010b, ‘Outcomes based education, accreditation and quality assurance in open distance learning: A case study on theology at the University of South Africa’, in D. Werner, D. Esterline, N. Kang & J. Raja (eds.), Handbook of theological education in world Christianity: Theological perspectives, ecumenical trends, regional surveys, pp. 144-153, Cluster, Pietermaritzburg.

Bredekamp, H.C. & Ross, R.J. (eds.), 1995, Missions and Christianity in South African history, Witwatersrand University Press, Johannesburg.

Comaroff, J.L. & Comaroff, J., [1991] 1997, Of revelation and revolution, 2 vols., University of Chicago Press, Chicago. http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/ chicago/9780226114675.001.0001

Cox, H., 1996, Fire from heaven: The rise of Pentecostal spirituality and the reshaping of religion in the twenty-first century, Cassell, London.

Cragg, K., 1980, ‘Conversion and convertibility with special reference to Muslims’, in J.R.W. Stott & R. Coote (eds.), Down to earth: Studies in Christianity and culture, pp. 190-198, Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, MI.

De Gruchy, S. & Chirongoma, S., 2010, ‘Earth, water, fire and wind: Elements of African ecclesiologies’, in G. Mannion & L.S. Mudge (eds.), The Routledge companion to the Christian church, pp. 291-305, Routledge, London.

Dickson, K.A., 1984, Theology in Africa, Darton, Longman & Todd, London.

Duncan, G.A., 2003, Lovedale: Coercive agency, Cluster, Pietermaritzburg.

Duncan, G.A., 2008, Partnership in mission: A critical historical evaluation of the relationship between ‘older’ and ‘younger’ churches with special reference to the Church of Scotland, VDM Verlag Dr Muller, Saarbrucken.

Gaitskell, D., 1995, ‘Praying and preaching: The distinctive spirituality of African women’s church organisations, in H.C. Bredekamp & R.J. Ross (eds.), Missions and Christianity in South African history, pp. 210-232, Witwatersrand University Press, Johannesburg.

Gathogo, J., 2013, ‘Historical developments of theological education in Eastern Africa–The example of Julius Krapf’, in I. Phiri & D. Werner (eds.), Handbook of theological education in Africa, pp. 28-46, Regnum, Oxford.

Gatwa, T., 2013, ‘The cross-cultural mission: An agenda for theological education in Africa’, in I. Phiri & D. Werner (eds.), Handbook of theological education in Africa, pp. 84-99, Regnum, Oxford.

Gyadu, K.A., 2013, ‘Theological education in West Africa’, in I. Phiri & D. Werner (eds.), Handbook of theological education in Africa, pp. 146-153, Regnum, Oxford.

Hastings, A., 1979, A history of African Christianity: 1950-1975, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Henningsen, A.F., 2011, ‘On difference, sameness and double binds, ambiguous discourses, failed aspirations’, in H. Nielsen, I.M. Okkenhaug & K.H. Skeie (eds.), Protestant missions and local encounters in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries: Unto the ends of the world, pp. 131-156, Brill, Leiden. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/ej.9789004202986.i-337.54

Howell, B.M. & Paris, J.W., 2011, Introducing cultural anthropology: A Christian perspective, Baker Academic, Grand Rapids, MI.

Idowu, E.B., 1969, s.v. ‘God’, in K.A. Dickson & P. Ellingworth (eds.), Biblical revelation and African beliefs, Lutterworth, London, p. 21.

Iliffe, J., 1995, Africans: The history of a continent, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Jenkinson, W. & Sullivan, H.O. (eds.), 1991, Trends in mission towards the third millennium, Orbis, New York, NY.

Jones, A., 2012, ‘Christianity in South Asia: Negotiating religious pluralism’, in C.E. Farhadian (ed.), Introducing world Christianity, pp. 93-107, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford.

Kalu O.U. (ed.), 2005, African Christianity: An African story, Department of Church History and Church Polity, University of Pretoria, Pretoria.

Kalu, O.U., 2008, Clio in a sacred garb: Essays on Christian presence and African responses, Africa World Press, Trenton, NJ.

Kalu, O.U., 2012, ‘West African Christianity: Padres, pastors, prophets, and Pentecostals’, in C.E. Farhadian (ed.), Introducing world Christianity, pp. 36-50, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford.

Kealotswe, O., 2013, ‘Theological education in the African Independent Churches in Botswana, in I. Phiri & D. Werner (eds.), Handbook of theological education in Africa, pp. 433-439, Regnum, Oxford.

Knighton, B., 2012, ‘Christian belongings in East Africa: Flocking to the churches’, in C.E. Farhadian (ed.), Introducing world Christianity, pp. 21-35, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford.

Kroeger, J., 2013, ‘Papal mission wisdom: Five mission encyclicals, 1919-1959’, in S.B. Bevans (ed.), A century of Catholic Mission, pp.93-100, Regnum, Oxford.

Kritzinger J.N.J., 2008, ‘Faith to faith: Missiology as encounterology’, Verbum et Ecclesia 29(3), 764-790. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ve.v29i3.31

Kritzinger, J.N.J., 2011. ‘Using archives missiologically: A perspective from South Africa’, in H. Lems (ed.), Mission history and mission archives, pp. 18-42, Stichting de Zending der Protestantse Kerk in Nederland, Utrecht.

Kritzinger, J.N.J., 2012, ‘Overcoming theological voicelessness in the new millenium’, Missionalia 40(3), 233-250.

Leedy, P.D. & Ormond, J.E., 1985, Practical research: Planning and design, Columbus, Merrill Prentice Hall, OH.

Lockhead, D., 1988, The dialogical imperative: A Christian reflection on interfaith encounter, Orbis, New York, NY.

Lubaale, N., 2013, ‘Doing mission at the margins of society: Harnessing resources of local vision’, in W. Ma & K.R. Ross (eds.), Mission spirituality and authentic discipleship, pp. 28-46, Regnum, Oxford.

Luka-Mbole, J-C. 2013, ‘The significance of Bible translations for African Theological education’, in I. Phiri & D. Werner (eds.), Handbook of theological education in Africa, pp. 508-522, Regnum, Oxford.

Ma, W. & Ross, K.R. (eds.), 2013, Mission spirituality and authentic discipleship, Regnum, Oxford.

Magesa, L., 1997, African religion: The moral traditions of abundant life, Maryknoll, New York, NY.

Maggay, M.P., 2013, ‘People power revisited’, in P. Alexander & A. Tizon (eds.), Following Jesus: Journeys in radical discipleship, Essays in honor of Ronald J Sider, pp. 124-134, Regnum, Oxford.

Majola, A., 2013, ‘Bible translation and Christian theological education in Africa: A historical and a Pan-African view’, in I. Phiri & D. Werner (eds.), Handbook of theological education in Africa, pp. 486-499, Regnum, Oxford.

Manala, M.J., 2013, ‘The impact of Christianity on sub-Saharan Africa’, Studia Historiae Ecclesiasticae 39(2), 285-302.

Martens, M., 2011, ‘Re-imagining “metropole” and “periphery” in mission history’, in H. Nielsen, I.M. Okkenhaug & K.H. Skeie (eds.), Protestant missions and local encounters in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries: Unto the ends of the world, pp. 293-315, Brill, Leiden.

Masenya, M., 2013, ‘Biblical studies in South(ern) Africa’, in I. Phiri & D. Werner (eds.), Handbook of theological education in Africa, pp. 454-465, Regnum, Oxford.

Naidoo, M., 2012, Between the real and the ideal: Ministerial formation in South African churches’, Unisa Press, Pretoria.

Nielsen, H., Okkenhaug, I.M. & Skeie, K.H. (eds.), 2011, Protestant missions and local encounters in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries: Unto the ends of the world, Brill, Leiden. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/ej.9789004202986.i-337

Njoroge, K.J.N., 2013, ‘Inculturation as a mode of Orthodox mission: Intercultural Orthodox mission–imposing culture and inculturation’, in P. Vasiliadis (ed.), Orthodox perspectives in mission, pp. 242-252, Regnum, Oxford.

Nkomazana, F., 2013, ‘The development and role of Pentecostal theology in Botswana’, in I. Phiri & D. Werner (eds.), Handbook of theological education in Africa, pp. 402-410, Regnum, Oxford.

Nolan, A., 1991, ‘Doing theology in the South African context’, in W. Jenkinson & H.O. Sullivan (eds.), Trends in mission towards the third millennium, pp. 259-268, Maryknoll, New York, NY.

Ntsoane, O., 2013, ‘The resourcefulness of elders and their strategic intelligence in interpreting the footsteps of missionaries’, in P. Opondo (ed.), Culture, memory and trauma, pp. 35-59, Research Institute for Theology and Religion, Pretoria.

Oborji, F.A., 2013, ‘Catholic missiology 1910-2010: Origins and perspectives’, in S.B. Bevans (ed.), A century of Catholic Mission, pp. 133-154, Regnum, Oxford.

Ohm, T., 1962, Machet zu Jungen alle Volker: Theorie der Mission, Wewel, Freiburg.

Ojo, M.A., 2013, ‘African spirituality, socio-political experience and mission’, in W. Ma & K.R. Ross (eds.), Mission spirituality and authentic discipleship, pp. 47-61, Regnum, Oxford.

Okyerefo, M.P.K., 2013, ‘Spirituality and historic mission Christianity in Africa: Ghanaization in Roman Catholicism’, in W. Ma & K.R. Ross (eds.), Mission spirituality and authentic discipleship, pp. 38-46, Regnum, Oxford.

Oosthuizen, G.C., 1982, The healer prophets in Afro-Christian churches, Brill, Leiden.

Opoku, K.A., 2012, ‘Skinny but imperishable truth: African religious heritage and the regeneration of Africa’, Studia Historiae Ecclesiasticae 38(suppl.), 141-151.

Phiri, I. & Siwila, L., 2013, ‘The circle of concerned African Women theologians Transforming theological education’, in I. Phiri & D. Werner (eds.), Handbook of theological education in Africa, pp. 966-973, Regnum, Oxford.

Pobee, J.S., 2013, ‘Good News turned by native hands, turned by native hatchets and tendered with native earth–A history of theological education in Africa’, in I. Phiri & D. Werner (eds.), Handbook of theological education in Africa, pp. 13-27, Regnum, Oxford.

Rich, P.B., 1995, ‘Albert Luthuli and the American Board Mission in South Africa’, in H. Bredekamp & R.J. Ross (eds.), Missions and Christianity in South African history, pp. 198-210, Witwatersrand University Press, Johannesburg.

Singh, D.E., 2013, ‘Lessons for missiology from twentieth century India’, in W. Ma & K.R. Ross (eds.), Mission spirituality and authentic discipleship, pp. 139-156, Regnum, Oxford.

Skeie, K.H., 2011, ‘Mission appropriation or appropriating the mission? Negotiating local and global Christianity in nineteenth and twentieth century Madagascar’,

in H. Nielsen, I.M. Okkenhaug & K.H. Skeie (eds.), Protestant missions and local encounters in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries: Unto the ends of the world, pp. 157-185, Brill, Leiden. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/ej.9789004202986.i-337.61

Sugden, C., 1992, The natural mystery of folk religion, Grove Books, Bramont.

Ukpong, J., 2013, ‘Inculturation theology in Africa: Historical and hermeneutical elements’ in I. Phiri & D. Werner (eds.), Handbook of theological education in Africa, pp. 530-542, Regnum, Oxford.

Walls, A., 1982, ‘The gospel as prisoner and liberator of culture’, Missionalia 10(2), 93-105.

Webster, T., 2013, Healdtown: Under the eagle’s wings, Methodist Publishing House, Cape Town.

Werner, D., 2013, ‘Viability and ecumenical perspectives for theological education in Africa: Legacy and new beginnings as seen from ETE/WCC’, in I. Phiri & D. Werner (eds.), Handbook of theological education in Africa, pp. 70-83, Regnum, Oxford.

Wickeri, P.L., 2002, ‘Towards a Kenosis of mission: Emptying and empowerment for the Church and for the world’, in P.L. Wickeri (ed.), Scripture, community and mission, pp. 332-356, Council for World Mission, London.

Woodberry, R., 2012, ‘Conclusion: World Christianity, its history spread and influence’, in C.E. Farhadian (ed.), Introducing world Christianity, pp. 259-271, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford.

Yung H, 2014, Mangoes or bananas: The quest for an authentic Asian theology, Oxford Centre for Mission Studies, Oxford.

Duncan, Graham A. “Inculturation: adaptation, innovation and reflexivity. An African Christian perspective.” HTS Teologiese Studies, vol. 70, no. 1, 2014.

Schineller, Peter. “Inculturation: a difficult and delicate task.” International Bulletin of Missionary Research, vol. 20, no. 3, 1996, p. 109+.

Achebe, C., 2012, There was a country, Penguin Books Ltd., London.

CIWA 2011, ‘A Communique issued at the end of the 22nd CIWA Theology Week’, Held from 21st–25th March, 2011 at the Catholic Institute of West Africa (CIWA), Port.

De Gruchy, S., 2004, ‘Handout on five reasons why African Christians should be concerned about the environment’, Theology and Development Studies.

Duncan, G.A., 2014, ‘Inculturation: Adaptation, innovation and reflexivity. An African Christian perspective’, HTS TeologieseStudies/TheologicalStudies 70(1), Art. #2669, 11 pages. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v70i1.2669

Ezechi, J.C., 2011, The dead never gone: Odo masquerade and contemporary realities, Monrovia Street, New Have.

Husani, G., n.d., ‘Fully African, Truly Christian: The Challenge of Inculturation’, viewed 30 May 2013, from http://www.georgeehusani.org

Kalu, O.U., 1996, The embattled Gods: Christianization of Igboland 1841-1991, Minaj Publishers, Lagos.

Madu, J.E., 2004, Honest to African cultural heritage, Coskan Associates Printers and Publishers, Anambra.

Mbefo, L.N., 1981, ‘Nigeria’s two-fold heritage’, Bigard Theological Studies 2(2). Mbefo, L.N., 1989, Towards a mature African Christianity, SNAAP Press Ltd.

Mbiti, J.S., 1969, African religions and philosophy, Heinemann Educational Books Ltd., London.

Nasr, S.H., 1967, Man and nature: The spiritual crisis in modern man, Kazi Publishers, Chicago.

Okere, T., 1974. Culture and religion, Black Academy Press, Owerri.

Onaiyekan, J., 1980, Christianity: A foreign religion, The Catholic Elite, Ibadan.

Onwubiko, O.A., 1999, Building unity together in the mission of the church: A theology of ecumenism, Fulladu Publishing Company, Nsukka.

Onyeidu, S.O., 2004, Christianity and Asaba culture, Fulladu Publishers, Enugu.

Shorter, A.W.F., 1973, African culture and the Christian church: An introduction to social and pastoral anthropology, Geoffrey Chapman Publishers, London.

Viriri, A. & Mungwini, P., 2010, ‘African cosmology and the duality of Western

Hegemony: The search for an African identity’, The Journal of Pan African Studies 3(6), 24-42.

Wambutda, D., 1978, An African Christian looks at Christian missions in Africa. Readings in missionary anthropology II, William Carey Library, Pasadena.

White, L., 1971, ‘The historical roots of our ecological crisis’, in B. John (ed.), The environmental handbook, pp. 1203-1207, Ballantine, London.

Yung, H., 2014, Mangoes or bananas: The quest for an Authentic Asian theology, Oxford Centre for Mission Studies, Oxford.

Nche, George C., et al. “Revisiting the concept of inculturation in a modern Africa: a reflection on salient issues.” HTS Teologiese Studies, vol. 72, no. 1, 2016.

Anderson, A., 1999b, ‘The Lekganyane’s and prophecy in the Zion Christian Church’, Journal of Religion in Africa XXIX(3), 285-312. http://dx.doi. org/10.1163/157006699X00368

Babbie, E. & Mouton, J., 2001, The practise of social research, South African edn., Oxford University Press, Cape Town.

Bosch, D., 1991, Transforming mission: Paradigm shifts in theology of mission, Orbis Books Maryknoll, NY.

Chupungco, A., 2010, What, then, is liturgy?: Musings and memoir, Liturgical Press, Collegeville, MN.

De Gruchy, J.W., 1986, Cry justice!: Prayers, meditations and readings from South Africa, Collins Liturgical Publications, London.

De Klerk, B.J., 2001, ‘Wisselwerking tussen liturgie en kultuur in die Suid-Afrikaanse konteks: Enkele vertrekpunte’, PraktieseTeologie in Suid-Afrika 16(2), 57-75.

De Klerk, B.J., 2012, Liturgical involvement in society: Perspectives from sub-Saharan Africa, Potchefstroomse Teologiese Publikasies, Noordbrug.

Dijk, D.J.J., 1998, ‘Inclusievetaal in de liturgie’, in P. Oskamp & N. Schuman (eds.), De weg van de liturgie: Tradities, achtergronden, praktijk, pp. 395-406, Meinema, Zoetermeer.

Dingemans, G.D.J., 1996, Manieren van doen: Inleiding tot die studie van de praktische theologie, Uitgeverij Kok, Kampen.

Egbulum, N.C., 2005, ‘Mission and inculturation: Africa’, in C. Wainwright & K. Westerfield-Tucker (eds.), The Oxford history of Christian worship, pp. 678-695, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Ellis, S. & Ter Haar, G., 2004, Worlds of power: Religious thought and political practise in Africa, Hurst & Company, London.

Flynn, D.S., 2011, “n Verkennend-beskrywende prakties-teologiese ondersoek na die waarde van “liturgiese” momente binne sport gemik op liturgiese inkulturasie’, Mdiv proefskrif, Departement Praktiese Teologie, Universiteit van Pretoria.

Grimes, R.L., [1990] 2010, Beginnings in ritual studies, Ritual Studies International, Waterloo, CA.

Hay, M., 1997, ‘Ukubuyisana. Reconciliation in South Africa’, doctoral dissertation, Catholic Theological Union of Chicago, Chicago.

Jenkins, P., 2011, The next Christendom, 3rd edn., Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Lumbala, F.K., 1998, Celebrating Jesus Christ in Africa: Liturgy & inculturation, Orbis Books, Maryknoll, NY.

Lutheran World Federation, [1996] 2007, ‘Nairobi statement on worship and culture: Contemporary challenges and opportunities’, in C.E. Farhadian (ed.), Christian worship worldwide: Expanding horizons, deepening practices, pp. 285-290, Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, MI.

Lutheran World Federation, 1998, ‘Chicago statement on worship and culture: Baptism and rites of life passage’, in Statements on Worship and Culture, viewed 04 November 2013, from http://www.worship.ca/

Mbaya, H., 2011, ‘The socio-practical dimensions of isitshisa in the Corinthian Church of South Africa’, HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 67(2), Art. #930, 8 pages. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v67i2.930

Mbiti, J.S., 1999, ‘”Hearts cannot be lent!”: In search of peace and reconciliation in African traditional society’, The Princeton Seminary Bulletin XX(1), 1-12.

Miller-McLemore, B., 2012, ‘Introduction: The contributions of practical theology’, in B. Miller-McLemore (ed.), The Wiley-Blackwell companion to practical theology, pp. 1-20, Blackwell Publishing Limited, Malden, MA.

Muller, B.A. 2007, ‘Liturgy at the edges: Between doxology and domestication’, Scriptura 96, 441-452.

Muller, R., 2011, African pilgrimage: Ritual travel in South Africa’s Christianity of Zion, Ashgate, Farnham.

Nealon, J. & Giroux, S., 2012, The theory toolbox: Critical concepts for the humanities, arts, & social sciences, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., Lanham, MD.

Nyawuza, M.P., 2013, ‘Lay participation in liturgical worship: A ritual-liturgical approach’, ThM thesis, Department of Practical Theology, University of Pretoria.

Oduro, T., Pretorius, H., Nussbaum, S. & Born, B., 2008, Mission in an African way: A practical introduction to African instituted churches and their sense of mission, Bybelmedia/CLF, Wellington.

Omenyo, C.N. 2011, ‘New wine in an old wine bottle?: Charismatic healing in the mainline churches in Ghana’, in C. Brown (ed.), Globalpentecostal and charismatic healing, pp. 231-249, Oxford University Press, Oxford. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ acprof:oso/9780195393408.003.0012

Phan, P., 2006, ‘Liturgical inculturation: Unity in diversity in the postmodern age’, in K. Pecklers (ed.), Liturgy in a postmodern world, pp. 55-86, Continuum, London.

Pieterse, H.J.C., 2001, Preaching in a context of poverty, UNISA Press, Pretoria.

Pieterse, H.J.C., 2014, ‘Religion in the public sphere and the well-being of the poor: A practical theological perspective’, Verbum & Ecclesia 35(2), 8 pages. http:// dx.doi.org/10.4102/ve.v35i2.852

Post, P.G.J., 2001, ‘Introduction and application: Feast as a key concept in a liturgical studies research design’, in P.G.J. Post, G. Rouwhorst, L. van Tongerend & A. Scheer (eds.), Christian feast and festival: The dynamics of western liturgy and culture, pp. 47-77, Peeters Pers, Leuven.

Pretorius, H., 2012, ‘The African Independent Churches (AICs) and social welfare in post-apartheid South Africa’, in I. Swart, A. Gouws, P. Petterson, J. Erasmus & F. Bosman (eds.), Welfare, religion and gender in post-apartheid South Africa: Constructing a south-north dialogue, pp. 205-223, SUN Press, Stellenbosch.

Ramshaw, G., 1996, Liturgical language: Keeping it metaphoric, making it inclusive, American Essays in Liturgy, The Liturgical Press Collegeville, MN.

Schattauer, T.H., 2007, ‘Research report: Liturgical studies: Disciplines, perspectives, teaching’, International Journal of Practical Theology 11, 106-137. http://dx.doi. org/10.1515/IJPT.2007.8

Sharp, M.M., 2012,’Globalization, colonialism, and postcolonialism’, in B. Miller-McLemore (ed.), The Wiley-Blackwell companion to practical theology, pp. 422-431, Blackwell Publishing Limited, Malden, MA.

Shorter, A., 1998, Towards a theology of inculturation, Orbis Books, Maryknoll, NY.

Stringer, M.D., 2005, A sociological history of Christian worship, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511614675

Ter Haar, G., 1992, The spirit of Africa: The healing ministry of Archbishop Milingo of Zambia, Hurst & Company, London.

Ter Haar, G, 2009, How God became African: African spirituality and western secular thought, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, PN.

Thumma, S.L., 1998, ‘Methods for congregational study’, in N.T. Ammerman, J.W. Carroll, C.S. Dudley & W. McKinney (eds.), Studying congregations: A new handbook, pp. 196-240, Abingdon Press, Nashville, tN.

Wepener, C.J., 2002, ‘Still because of the weakness of some?: A descriptive exploration of the Lord’s Supper in South Africa, 1948–2002’, Jaarboek voor liturgie-onderzoek 18, 139-158.

Wepener, C.J., 2006, ‘Participation and power: Opportunities for method and theory in liturgical research from a changing (Dutch Reformed) South African liturgical landscape’, Jaarboek voor liturgie-onderzoek 22, 49-66.

Wepener, C.J., 2009, From fast to feast: A ritual-liturgical exploration of reconciliation in South African cultural contexts, PeetersPers, Leuven. (Liturgia Condenda 19)

Wepener, C.J., 2011a, ‘Liminality: Recent avatars of this notion in a South African Context’, Jaarboek voor liturgie-onderzoek/Yearbook for Liturgical and Ritual Studies 27, 189-208.

Wepener, C.J., 2011b, ‘Nuwe tendense buite-om die erediens van die 21ste eeu: ‘n Beskrywende liturgie-historiese en hedendaagse verkenning’, Nederduitse Gereformeerde Teologiese Tydskrif 52(1/2), 257-271.

Wepener, C.J., 2013, ‘Die Liturgiereform in Afrika sudlich der Sahara. Einige Beobachtungen zu Gottesdienst, Sprache und Kultur’, in G. Lathrop & M. Stuflesser (eds.), Liturgiereformen in den Kirchen. 50 Jahre nach Sacrosanctum Concilium, Theologie der Liturgie 5, pp. 161-176, Verlag Friedrich Pustet, Regensburg.

Wepener, C.J., Mbaya, H. & Barnard, M., 2011, ‘Worship in the Corinthian Church (AIC), in Phepheni, Eastern Cape, South Africa’, Studia Liturgica 41(2), 252-273.

Wepener, C.J. & Meyer, E.E., 2012, ‘Liturgical inculturation as a missionary perspective: Ritual burning and slaughtering in an AIC and Leviticus and Numbers’, in H. Kruger, E. Orsmond & H. van Deventer (eds.), Perspectives on mission in the Old Testament: Pictures from chosen Old Testament literature, pp. 69-79, Bybelmedia, Wellington.

Wepener, C.J. & Ter Haar, G., forthcoming, ‘Sacred sites and spiritual power: One angel, two sites, many spirits’, in P.G.J. Post & P. Nel (eds.), Sacred sites, contested grounds: Space and ritual dynamics in Europe and Africa, African World Press, Trenton, NJ.

Wepener, Cas. “Liturgical inculturation or liberation? A qualitative exploration of major themes in liturgical reform in South Africa.” HTS Teologiese Studies, vol. 70, no. 1, 2014.

Tinyiko S. Maluleke, “The Smoke Screen Called Black and African Theologies: The Challen of African Women,” Journal of Constructive Theology 3, no. 2 (1997)

Mercy A. Oduyoye, Daughters of Anowa: African Women and Patriarchy (New York: Orbis, 1995)

Mercy A. Oduyoye, “Transforming Power: Paradigms from the Novels of Buchi Emecheta,” in Talitha cum! Theologies of African Women, ed. Nyambura J. Njoroge and Musa W. Dube (Pietermaritzburg, South Africa: Cluster, 2001)

Tinyiko S. Maluleke, “Half a Century of African Christian Theologies: Elements of the Emerging Agendas for the Twenty-First Century,” Journal of Constructive Theology 99 (1997): 4-23.

Isabel A. Phiri, Beverly Haddad, and Madipaoane Masenya, eds., African Women, HIV/AIDS, and Faith Communities (Pietermaritzburg, South Africa: Cluster, 2003)

Musa W. Dube and Kanyoro Musimbi, eds., Grant Me Justice! HIV/AIDS and Gender Readings of the Bible (Pietermaritzburg, South Africa/Maryknoll, NY: Cluster/Orbis, 2004)

Isabel A. Phiri and Sarojini Nadar, eds., African Women, Religion, and Health: Essays in Honour of Mercy Amba Ewudziwa Oduyoye (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis, 2006)

Teresia M. Hinga, Anne Nkirote Kubai, Philomena Mwaura, and Hazel Ayanga, eds., Women, Religion, and HIV/AIDS in Africa: Responding to Ethical and Theological Challenges (Pietermaritzburg, South Africa: Cluster, 2008)

Beverly Haddad, ed., Religion and HIV and AIDS: Charting the Terrain (Scottsville: University of KwaZulu-Natal Press, 2011).

Ezra Chitando, Troubled but Not Destroyed: African Theology in Dialogue with HIV and AIDS (Geneva: WCC Publications, 2009).

Nyambura Njoronge, “The Missing Voice: African Women Doing Theology,” Journal of Theology for Southern Africa 99 (1997): 77-83

Isabel A. Phiri, “Doing Theology in Community: The Case of African Women Theologians in the 1990s,” Journal of Theology for Southern Africa 99 (1997): 68-76

Mercy A. Oduyoye, Hearing and Knowing: Theological Reflection on Theology in Africa (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis, 1993).

Nyambura J. Njoroge, Gender Justice, Ministry, and Healing: A Christian Response to the HIV Pandemic (London: Progressio, 2009)

Isabel A. Phiri and Sarojini Nadar, “Talking Back to Religion and HIV and AIDS Using an African Feminist Missiological Framework: Sketching the Contours of the Conversation,” Journal of Constructive Theology 16, no. 2 (2010): 8-24.

Tinyiko S. Maluleke, “Of Africanised Bees and Africanised Churches: Ten Theses on African Christianity,” Missionalia 38, no. 3 (2010): 369-79

Liza B. Lamis, “Empowering the Church for Gender Justice,” [2007], 28-34, http://cca.org.hk/home/ctc/ctc07-03/07_liza28.pdf

Liza B. Lamis, “On Gender Justice: A Christian Perspective,” in Learning from Each Other’s Faith and Wisdom: An Interfaith Cooperation Program in Asia (Hong Kong: A-P YMCAs, CCA, EED, 2005), 52-58.

Max Weber, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, trans. Talcott Parsons (1930; repr., London: Routledge, 2001)

Kent V. Flannery, “The Cultural Evolution of Civilizations,” Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 3 (1972): 399-426

Pierre Bourdieu, The Logic of Practice, trans. Richard Nice (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1990).

Mercy A. Oduyoye, Introducing African Women’s Theology (Sheffield, UK: Sheffield Academic Press, 2001)

Lazarus Luka Maigoro and Umar Habila Dadem Danfulani, The Kadung of Jos Plateau (Jos, Nigeria: Data, 1999)

Mathews George Chunakara, ed., Building Peace on Earth (Geneva: WCC Publications, 2013)

Benjamin J. Pokol and Chammah J. Kaunda, “Integrating Suum-ngi Theology of Peace in Gindiri Theological Seminary Curriculum in Nigeria: An African Perspective,” Missionalia 43, no. 2 (2015): 232-47, 238-39.

Audu Lusa, The Creation Myth of Kadung People (Jos, Nigeria: Millennium, 2010)

John S. Mbiti, African Religion and Philosophy (London: Heinemann, 1969).

Jocelyn Murray, “Kumm, (Hermann) Karl Wilhelm and Lucy Evangeline (Guinness),” in Biographical Dictionary of Christian Missions, ed. Gerald H. Anderson (New York: Macmillan, 1998).

Hermann K. W. Kumm, African Missionary Heroes and Heroines (New York: Macmillan, 1917)

Hermann K. W. Kumm, From Hausaland to Egypt, through the Sudan (London: Constable, 1910)

Irene V. Cleverdon, Pools in the Glowing Sands: The Story of Karl Kumm (Melbourne: Specialty, 1936)

Christof Sauer, Reaching the Unreached Sudan Belt: Guinness, Kumm, and the Sudan-Pioneer-Mission (Nuremberg: Verlag fur Theologie und Religionswissenschaft, 2005).

Chammah J. Kaunda, “Towards an African Theological Education for Gender Justice and Peace: An African Theological Reflection on the Concept of Just-Peace,” Journal of Gender and Religion in Africa 18, no. 1 (2012): 137-53.

Kaunda, Chammah J., and Benjamin J. Pokol. “AFRICAN CHRISTIANITY, MYTH OF CREATION, AND GENDER JUSTICE: An African Feminist Re-Inculturation Perspective.” Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion, vol. 35, no. 1, 2019, p. 5+.

Askew, Rie Kido. “Can a ‘maternal’ catholicism be christianity? The issue of inculturation in silence.” Asia Pacific World, vol. 5, no. 1, 2014, p. 68+.

Amaladoss, Michael. “In Our Own Tongues: Perspectives from Asia on Mission and Inculturation.” Theological Studies, vol. 66, no. 3, 2005, p. 719.

Schineller, Peter. “Christian Theology of Inculturation.” International Bulletin of Missionary Research, vol. 22, no. 4, 1998, p. 186.

Kirby, Jon P. “Toward an African Christianity: Inculturation Applied.” International Bulletin of Missionary Research, vol. 18, no. 3, 1994, p. 138.

GIFFORD, PAUL. “Inculturation: abide by the otherness of Africa and Africans.” Africa, vol. 70, no. 2, 2000.

Hogan, John P. “African Theology: Inculturation and Liberation.” Theological Studies, vol. 55, no. 4, 1994, p. 789+.

%d bloggers like this: